If you’re encountering the “Exhausted available authentication methods” error when using an RSA key on an Ubuntu 22.04 or newer server, it’s a sign that your RSA key is outdated and potentially insecure. This guide will help you resolve the issue by upgrading to a modern and secure ed25519 keypair.
Error: Exhausted available authentication methods
When attempting to SSH into your server with the RSA key, you might see the following error message:
Exhausted available authentication methods
To resolve this issue and enhance your server’s security, follow these steps:
1. Generate a New ed25519 Keypair:
On your server, open a terminal and generate a new ed25519 keypair using the ssh-keygen command:
ssh-keygen -t ed25519
You can accept the default location for the key files or specify a custom location.
2. Add the New Public Key to Authorized Keys:
Copy the newly generated public key to your server’s ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file using the ssh-copy-id command:
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_ed25519.pub username@your_server_ip
3. Test the New Key:
Try connecting to your server using the ed25519 key to ensure it’s working correctly:
ssh -i ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 username@your_server_ip
If you can log in without any issues, your new key is set up correctly.
Upgrading to a modern ed25519 keypair resolves the “Exhausted available authentication methods” error associated with RSA keys. It’s a crucial step in improving your server’s security, as RSA keys with SHA-1 hash algorithms are no longer considered safe. Keep your private key secure, and consider adding a passphrase for an extra layer of protection.